Project GLOBE, now in its third phase, is aptly described as “the Manhattan project” of cross-cultural research. Its examination of practices and values on nine dimensions within 62 societies is groundbreaking and represents a wealth of applicable information.
GLOBE’s final leadership findings are still awaiting publication; but already, the initiative has produced some fascinating evidence. We can begin to use it to understand where host-country organizations need to tread carefully when managing employee groups beyond their own borders.
GLOBE identified six leadership styles:
GLOBE leadership attributes
Interestingly, attributes that are perceived as contributing to effective – even outstanding – leadership, do differ among cultures. What’s more, those differences are relevant in practice within organizations.
Switzerland: Two cultures
Take Switzerland, for example.
Project GLOBE studied Switzerland not as a single country – but as French-speaking and German-speaking sub-cultures. Even more interesting, the two sub-cultures are actually aligned with different GLOBE geographical classifications.
French-speaking Switzerland is aligned with Latin Europe,…
House, R, Hanges, P, Javidan, M, Dorfman, P, Gupta, V. (2004). Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies. Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi: Sage.