New study reveals those citrus fruits like grapefruit and tangerines just may reduce chance of stroke
Past studies have shown that fruits and vegetables especially those with white fleshy insides have been demonstrated to decrease risk of stroke. It was determined that consuming more than five servings of fruits and vegetables daily had a 20% decreased risk for stroke and coronary heart disease. In this study researchers from Norwich Medical School in the University of Anglia take a direct look at citrus fruits and their flavonoids.
Flavonoids which are also antioxidants which are known to neutralize free radicals and may offer protection against heart disease.
For the study, 69, 622 had taken part out of the 121,700 women, 30 to 55 years of age from the Nurses Health Study, that had answered a questionnaire in regards to medical history and lifestyle. Fourteen yeas of follow-up information had been used in which women had reported their food consumption including fruits and vegetables. Researchers had determined the total flavonoid and subclasses; flavanones, flavonoid polymers, flavon-3-ols, flavanols, flanoness and anthocyanins.
Researchers had women who had consumed large amounts of citrus producing flavonoids had shown a 19% decreased risk for ishemic stroke in comparison to women who had consumed the least amounts.
According to the results orange were the main sources at 63% for women with oranges counting for 34% and grapefruits for 4.8%.
According to Dr. Aedin Cassidy, PhD, nutritionist at Norwich, stated according to a press release “Our findings suggest that bioactive compounds present in citrus may potentially be associated with a reduced risk of stroke.”
Researchers do recommend for those who wish to have more citrus fruit in their diet should consume whole fruit since fruit juices do contain high amounts of sugar.
Dr. Cassidy, is also not recommending that anyone should take flavanone supplements based on this research. She notes further studies are needed “to confirm these associations together with further molecular mechanistic data on flavanones to inform and optimize the design of randomized trials of flavanone and citrus-based foods to potentially reduce ischemic stroke risk.”
Also noted is that fresh grapefruit and juice at times could cause dangerous interactions with medications that are usually prescribed to lower the risk for heart attack and stroke.
Numerous experts believe this finding just may also apply to men as well.
This study is in the April issue journal Stroke from the American Heart Association.
Dr. Penny Kris-Etherton, PhD, RD, Distinguished Professor of Nutrition in the Department of Nutritional Sciences at Pennsylvania State University and spokesperson for the American Heart Association notes that this study reinforces the public health message that consuming a diet rich in a variety of fruits and vegetables protects against heart and blood vessel disease.
The American Heart Association recommends some things for a healthy diet these include besides fruits and vegetables to choose high fiber and whole grain foods, consume fish at least twice a week, Lean meats and poultry cooked without saturated or trans fat. Pick dairy products that are fat free 1% or low fat. Decrease consumption of foods and drink with added sugar.
A selection of recipes for fruits and vegetables can be found at AllRecipes.com.
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