A simple résumé is a summary typically limited to one or two pages of size A4 or Letter-size highlighting only those experiences and credentials that the author considers most relevant to the desired position. US academic CVs are typically longer. Résumés may be organized in different ways. The following are some of the more common formats:
Reverse Chronological résumé:
A reverse chronological résumé enumerates a candidate’s job experiences in reverse chronological order, generally covering the last 10 to 15 years. The reverse chronological format is the most commonly used by those who are not professional résumé writers. In using this format, the main body of the document becomes the professional experience section, starting from the most recent experience going chronologically backwards through a succession of previous experience. The reverse chronological résumé works to build credibility through experience gained, while illustrating career growth over time and filling all gaps in a career trajectory.
A reverse chronological résumé is not recommended in the event that the job seeker has gaps in their career summary.
A functional résumé lists work experience and skills sorted by skill area or job function. The functional is used to assert a focus to skills that are specific to the type of position being sought. This format directly emphasizes specific professional capabilities and utilizes experience summaries as its primary means of communicating professional competency. The functional résumé works well for those making a career change, having a varied work history and with little work experience. The functional résumé is a good method for highlighting particular skills or experience, however, those particular skills or experience may have derived from a role which was held some time ago. Rather than focus on the length of time that has passed, the functional format allows the reader to quickly identify those skills.
The combination résumé balances the functional and chronological approaches. A résumé organized this way typically leads with a functional list of job skills, followed by a reverse chronological list of employment. The combination résumé has a tendency to repeat itself and is therefore less widely utilized than the other two forms.
This is just a basics course and I will go in depth in future breakdowns of these divergent styles and how they will be useful in your individual job search.